A doctor, diplomat, and writer, Dr. Jean-Christophe Rufin is a former intern and senior physician with Paris public hospitals, a neurologist and a hospital practitioner. He was a pioneer of Médecins Sans Frontières, where he was vice-president, and President of Action contre la Faim (Action against Hunger). Dr. Rufin was an adviser to the Secretary of State for Human Rights, the cultural and cooperation attaché in Brazil, and advisor in charge of peacekeeping operations for the Minister of Defense. In 2007, he was appointed French Ambassador to Senegal and the Gambia, a post he held until 2010. For the past 20 years, Dr. Rufin has written numerous novels and narratives.In 2008, he was elected to the Académie française.